Geography at Cromwell is a project-based approach breathing life into geography that will remain with children for the rest of their lives. Our topics are being developed for Early Years and Key Stage 1 and will grow and develop as these children enter into Key Stage 2. Please see the overview of planned topics at the bottom of this page. Geography also involves many transferable skills, such as research, observation, measurement, recording and presentation. Very simply, geography is about understanding the world by: comparing locations; investigating; researching different sources; writing and talking about places; asking and answering questions.
Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)
It may seem strange to think about your 4 year old child as a geographer. However, the years from birth to age five provide a first opportunity to see how your child interacts with their environment — and how the environment influences them. The early learning goals at EYFS will guide your child onto make sense of their physical world and their community by exploring, observing, and finding out about people, places, technology and the environment.
Key Stage 1
In Years 1 and 2, your child will begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country. They will learn about weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world. They will use ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, simple compass directions, aerial photographs and plans, as well as simple fieldwork and observational skills.
Key Stage 2
In Years 3 to 6, the Geography curriculum has three focus areas:
- Locational knowledge
- Place knowledge
- Human and physical geography
Locational Knowledge examines latitude, longitude and time zones. Your child will use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical / human characteristics, countries, and major cities. They will also work on locating the counties and cities of the United Kingdom, and start to explore their human and physical characteristics.
Children also examine geographical similarities and differences by comparing the geography of a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European country, and with a region in either North or South America. This is part of the Place Knowledge aspect of the curriculum.
For Human and Physical Geography, your child will be taught to describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources.
The document below sets out the skills progression for each year group: